Villes et Pays d’art et d’histoire. Besançon A story in stone: An inventory of works within the city walls From Vauban to the start of the 19th century.

Besançon, from its earliest history, has made the most of its natural advantages:

- an exceptional defensive site: a loop formed by a meander in the Doubs, closed off by a hill (the location of the citadel). The site had space for housing and could be easily defended as it is closed off by the citadel rock (the loop was occupied from the Bronze Age, around 1500 B.C., by Gallic tribes)

- A crossroads location between the Rhine and Rhone regions and between northern Italy and the Seine. The geographical constraints therefore dictated the conditions for the establishment of the town. A military stronghold, political centre and religious capital, the fortifications, erected at every great period in its history, have shaped the current urban landscape.

Read the full paper HERE

Town of Besançon heritage department

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