The Idea of the Castle
In Medieval England....
Fort Tigné was begun in 1793 and was a very small work by eighteenth century standards, actually more of a large redoubt, but its design was probably the most revolutionary and influential of all the fortifications built by the knights in Malta.
Designed by the Order’s chief engineer, Stephan de Tousard, its most important features were the lack of bastions and the counterscarp musketry galleries. The design was heavily influenced by the writings of Montalembert and more particularly by the lunettes built by the French general, Jean-Claude Lemichaud D’Arçon. By the end of the eighteenth century, the supremacy of the bastioned system was being challenged by the growing popularity of the tenaille trace. The new style of fortification known as the polygonal system, of which Fort Tigné is one of the earliest examples, was to dominate the art of military architecture through most of the following century. Fort Tigné was the last major work of fortification built by the Order in Malta.
All Drawings by Dr. Stephen C. Spiteri (C)
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