The myth of the motte and bailey castle in Scotland
An assessment of medieval earthwork fortifications in Scotland and their relationship to traditional Anglo-Norman motte and bailey castles, and earlier Scottish sites....
The Medieval village of Capalbio is located on a hill surrounded by lush Mediterranean vegetationon the furthest point of the Tuscan Maremma, immersed in an important natural environment. The territory was occupied by the Etruscans but the first document citing Capalbio is from 805, the official Leonino Carolingia bull with which Charlemagne donated this land to the territory of the Abbey of the Three Fountains in Rome.
During the Middle Ages the zone went under the control of the Aldobrandeschi family and later under the control of the Orsini. In 1416 Capalbio went under the control of the Sienese enjoying a period of a renewed and florid commerce. In 1532 Charles V's troops occupied the town and it was liberated thanks to the French troops. When it permanently fell under Siena, Florence took control of the area under the rule of Cosimo de'Medici starting a gradual decline of the town. In this period, Capalbio was practically the last stronghold facing the Spanish garrisons, therefore isolated, and malaria quickly took over the Maremma plains.
Under the Grand Duchy of Tuscany of the Lorena, Capalbio lost all of its administrative poker and was encompassed first by Manciano and later by Orbetello. In the second half of the 1800's, during an intense period of banditry, Capalbio became a shelter for outlaws and her in 1896, died the most famous bandit of the time – Domenico Tiburzi. Only in 1960 did Capalbio regain its administrative autonomy.
Article and Image Source: http://www.castellitoscani.com/
keywords: Capalbio, Citadel, Fortifications, Grossetto, Italy
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