Ayyubid Cairo

The Fatimid dynasty in Egypt met its end in 1169 at the hands of a commander, named Nur al-Din.

In 1171 AD, Salah al-Din, or, Saladin, the Kurdish nephew of Nur al-Din's best general, Shirkuh, became Sultan and founded the Ayyubid Dynasty.

The name Salah al-Din, or, Saladin means "Righteousness of the Faith". Saladin ruled till 1250, a period in which he extended Cairo's fortification.

Cairo contains numerous ancient religious and governmental structures; however, the elaborate architecture of the Citadel, in eastern Cairo, is one that still enhances till this day the city's skyline. The Citadel is one of the many popular tourist attractions in Cairo; it was begun by Saladin in 1176 and modified and expanded later on by consecutive sultans. The Citadel is famous for its mosques, museums and forts and most of all because it contains the Mosque of Mohammed Ali, which was built almost 7 centuries later.

Several other structures associated with Saladin survived within modern cities. Among the forts he built was the Citadel in Syria and Qalaat Al-Gindi, a mountain-top fortress and caravanserai in Sinai. On the other hand, one of the important military fortifications that have survived is the Ayyubid City Wall or also called the Citadel fortifications.

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Keywords: Cairo,Ayyubid,Fortifications,Walls




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