The myth of the motte and bailey castle in Scotland
An assessment of medieval earthwork fortifications in Scotland and their relationship to traditional Anglo-Norman motte and bailey castles, and earlier Scottish sites....
SYGIS – the Finnish archaeological survey and mapping project of Jebel Bishri
is tracing new dimensions for the Roman eastern frontier or the so-called eastern limes in Syria.
It has been noted in several Roman frontier studies that the Euphrates region is insufficiently studied to clearly define the development of Roman policy and the extent of the military presence in the east. Jebel Bishri, a mountain between the Euphrates and Palmyra, has largely remained as an empty spot on the maps representing the Roman military presence. This is an illusion due to the fact that the mountain in its central parts has not been earlier practically studied byarchaeological means.
The surrounding Euphrates Valley and the Strata Diocletiana have been studied, e.g., by A. Poidebard in his early aerial prospections. However, new satellite image prospections, field surveys and mapping have traced, documented and identified earlier little known or unknown Roman military installations and networks on the side of the Euphrates and in the central parts of the mountain. Especially the prospections with QuickBird satellite images offering good spatial resolution have made it possible to trace new sites which would have been difficult to recognize on the ground. The information gained from the new prospections and mapping enhances our understanding of the Roman military organization on the Euphrates and the fact that the military installations penetrated deeper in the desert-steppe areas and mountain of Jebel Bishri than earlier thought.
Authors: M. Lönnqvist, K. Lönnqvist , M. Stout Whiting, M. Törmä, M. Nunez, J. Okkonen
Article and Image Source: http://cipa.icomos.org
Keywords: Military Organization, Roman, Limes, Syria, Archaeology, Conservation
Date and Time to be