Excavations at Monte Palazzi

The existence of Greek forts in Southern Italy has been known since the historian Thucydides recorded two Athenian attacks against a Locrian outpost

on the Halex River in 426 and 425 B.C. during the Peloponnesian War (Thucyd. 3.99; 3.115.7). That the South Italian Greeks built permanent fortifications as early as the archaic period was first documented by the British School's excavations at Cozzo Presepe, in the chora of Metapontum, in the late1960s.

Yet, only recently have Greek masonry forts been uncovered in the toe of Italy. In the last twenty five years, in particular, remains of fortified outposts datable to the late archaic and classical periods have been located at Serro di Tavola (S. Eufemia), San Salvatore (Bova), Monte Palazzi (Grotteria), and Monte Gallo (Caulonia), in south-central Calabria.

At least three of them have been partially investigated thus far, and may be described as upland or mountain forts because of their elevation and geomorphic setting. Coastal forts represent yet another group of Greek outposts in this area of Calabria, whose location near the sea can be inferred from the historical record and from actual finds.

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Author: Paolo Visonà

Article and Image Source: fastonline.org

Keywords: Fortifications,Greek,Calabria,Italy,Archaeology


Paolo Visonà

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