Feb16

3D Survey of Locarno Castle

Laser scanning represents the avant-garde in the field of measuring technology.

One of the potential applications resides in the possibility of using a single survey to generate different elaborations. This report presents the survey of the Rivellino of Locarno Castle executed with an Ilris 36D laser scanner and the steps that allowed us to produce architectural plans and sections, as well as a real model, physically realized with rapid prototyping techniques.

The “Restoration and Transformation” project – i.CUP, Academy of Architecture In 2004, Professor Josep Acebillo founded the i.CUP (Institute for the Contemporary Urban Project) at the Academy of Architecture of Mendrisio. The Institute's main purpose is research in the field of territorial culture, strategic planning and the design of systems, infrastructures and architecture. In 2005 began a project calling for research in the area of the architectural heritage's restoration and transformation, funded by the Swiss University Conference (CUS) and called “Restoration and Transformation”.

With a mandate from the State Secretariat of Education and Research, in accordance with the Authorities of Canton Ticino, i.CUP launched a research program aimed at monitoring abandoned industrial buildings. The research intends to suggest strategies for increasing the architectural heritage's value through proposals of transformation. Its objective is twofold: the conservation of high-quality architectural elements, and their re-use in a new project developed on the basis of the existing structure's morphological and functional potential. The study of the Rivellino of Locarno Castle belongs to this research for two reasons. Firstly, from the historical point of view, it played an important role at the beginning of the 16th century as a defensive outpost for French-ruled Lombardy against incursions by the Swiss and the Grishuns. Secondly, from the architectural standpoint, it is a remarkably innovative design of a defensive fortress (which is what ‘Rivellino’ means); not surprisingly, given that it is attributed to none other than Leonardo da Vinci. 

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Author:
Enrico Sassi, Francesco Vismara, Katia Dalle Fusine
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